writing hsc economics essays

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Writing hsc economics essays appendix for thesis sample

Writing hsc economics essays

So how do you make sure your marker loves your introduction? Your introduction should always start with a definition of the key words in the question, this shows the marker that you know exactly what you are talking about and it can help with clarity as you have already established what the economic concepts is. Finally, sum up your introduction by linking your paragraphs to your thesis and the question. The Chinese economy has undergone major structural reforms in order to promote economic growth and development by embracing globalisation.

Economic growth and development have successfully been increased through strategies such as the Open-Door Policy, Agricultural Reforms and Special Economic Zones. More over these policies benefits have not been shared equally as there a large extent of inequality within China. Trend Analysis The next paragraph should always be a trend analysis outlining the trends in whatever economic concept you are being asked. You should include what has happened to the concept in recent years as well as why it happened.

This should be repeated for as many trends as necessary, dictated by the question. For the question posed, it asks about Economic growth as well as development in a country other than Australia. GDP growth is still high but has significantly slowed since then currently at 6. However, income inequality has significantly worsened within China, with the combined income of households in eastern coastal regions have 2.

Body The body of your essay is where you really start to explain the different concepts and then apply them to real life global events. You should always start each paragraph with a topic sentence outlining what you will be discussing. Then you should include a definition if applicable of whatever the concept in this paragraph is; you should then provide an explanation of what it is and how it works. With this, you should try to provide diagrams to show what you are talking about and explain the concepts more clearly; you should never just throw in a diagram without explaining it.

The next few sentences vary depending on the question, but they usually are along the lines of showing the cause or effect of something; or showing advantages and disadvantages. Just like how you have quotes in an English essay as textual evidence, you need to show evidence of what you are saying is true and not just theoretically.

You should repeat steps 3 and 4 for as many times as you need. Finally, end each of your paragraphs with a linking sentence back to the question. Through reforms to create special economic zones along coastal ports; Transnational Corporation investment was incentivised through tax cuts and the abundant labour supply loose legislation.

This increase facilitated an increase in productive capacity and thus fostered economic growth. Thus, the special economic zone strategy has promoted both economic growth and development. So, how do you do it? Your first sentence should be restating your thesis that directly links back to the question. Your second few sentences should be a really quick summary of what you talked about in each of your paragraphs and how they relate to your argument as well as the question.

This is in lieu of simply stating which objectives you will be looking at, which is not as effective and thesis-driven. Compare the pair:. Economic growth, inflation, unemployment and external stability are economic objectives which monetary policy have failed to address.

It is much more impressive to the marker if you are able to show a direct link between your points and the thesis you are addressing, as it shows a logical approach. The other general criteria in HSC Economics essays is the related to the way you write and use language , including economic terms, concepts, relationships and theories.

This of course means you must know your content well and be able to connect different parts of the syllabus together and understand their relationships. In order to achieve this, it is best to use a clear structure which we have planned for in Step 1 as it forces you to retain a logical and cohesive structure.

To provide a basic structure, follow DPEEL which will ensure you are using economic terms, concepts, relationships and theories consistently in your essay. Definition — assume the marker is a layperson has limited knowledge of the course and ensure you are defining the economic term or concept to reflect your understanding.

Can be integrated into the response and does not need its own sentence. Point — Attack the question and pinpoint what your overall answer will be, akin to a mini thesis. Explain — Provide further details that elaborate on your point. Depending on which directive verb you are asked, this is also where you can start to show relationships analyse , provide additional economic theories that demonstrate a cause and effect explain or make a judgement assess. Link — Conclude your paragraph by linking your points back to your original thesis.

No additional details or sidetracks. Transition signals include words such as furthermore, hence, as a result, this leads to, but, however. Hence this makes it extremely difficult for you to stray off topic, allowing you to create a sustained response! Just like with English, Economics is also a subject with high demands on memory.

Not only must you remember course content, you must also remember relevant statistics and graphs. An efficient way to facilitate this process is a simple table that allows you to organise your information. For example:. Reaffirm your position and perspectives by restating your thesis — your answer to the question.

This could be through providing an insight into future trends, expectations or areas for discussion. Three to four sentences is more than enough and the last thing a marker wants to see is a conclusion that has overstayed its welcome! The final and most important tip is to practise this approach using different styles and topics of essay questions. It is also important that you plan the essays as you would in an exam to give you practice for planning for unseen questions.

That is the only way you will improve and better appreciate the amazingly pragmatic text type that is the HSC Economics essay. If you need more essay questions you can use past HSC exams, your textbook, or ask your teacher. We offer tutoring and mentoring for Years K in a large variety of subjects, with personalised lessons conducted one-on-one in your home or at our state of the art campus in Hornsby!

To find out more and get started with an inspirational tutor and mentor get in touch today! Terry enjoys listening to Kanye West, learning about cryptocurrency and memorising scenes from The Office. Exam and Study Skills.

Art of Smart Community Team. Section IV — a free response economic essay. Step 1: Plan your Response Why Plan? Use the first page of your writing booklet to sketch a plan of your response.

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To avoid this, always try and focus your arguments on analysis and syllabus content first, contemporary second. Ask yourself: if I get rid of the contemporary from my paragraph, does the essay still have enough content? What I mean by this is that for each of your paragraphs, try and include a counterpoint that highlights the flexible nature of economic theory.

These are counterpoints that are based on theory — often there will be theoretical limitations for many of the concepts you come across in economics. This can be particularly powerful in that it combines your knowledge of theory with your analysis of contemporary. When you first look at a question, before you even put pen to paper, you need to come up with a plan of attack — how can you ensure that you answer the question correctly, and give the markers what they want?

There are three main points to look for when interpreting essay questions:. As you may or may not know, NESA has a bank of words that they like to pull from when writing questions, and these words impact how they want their question answered. These verbs should help steer your analysis onto the right path. For example:. To answer these questions, you have to demonstrate a thorough understanding of how theory and events impact each other and the economy.

This verb particularly emphasises the idea of a process — you need to be able to make clear links as to how each step leads to the next, rather than just jumping to the outcomes. These questions usually wants you to investigate the connections between different aspects of economic theory. Generally this involves showing a holistic understanding of how different areas such as micro- and macroeconomic policies come together to make a cohesive impact on the economy.

It usually helps to think back to the syllabus and how the points are introduced when figuring out which ideas to link together. These require you to not only critically analyse a topic but also come to a conclusion given the arguments you provided. This type of question usually gets you to make a judgement of the effectiveness of some economic theory — such as the ability for economic policies to achieve their goals.

Similar to assess, discuss wants you to provide arguments towards and against a particular topic. When trying to understand what the question wants from you, I found the best way to approach it is to consider what points in the syllabus it is referring to To do this, you need to have a solid understanding of the syllabus in the first place.

Further, it may also be worth it to bring in ideas from the Balance of Payments, as this is the next dot point along in the syllabus. For essay questions that provide a source for you to include in your answer, this is another goldmine from which you can discern what the marker really wants. My essays usually consisted of four main parts: an introduction, a background paragraph, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Your introduction should not be long. I rarely wrote an introduction longer than three sentences.

Try and answer the question, while including the main key words of the question in your answer. Further, it may be good to showcase the current economic climate — such as GDP growth rate and inflation — to give context to your analysis in your essay. Instead, aim for around — words at most. At this point in your essay, it may also be good to include a graph more on this later. This is where you answer the question, and outline your argument or idea for this paragraph.

These sentences are where you bring together the theory and contemporary to build up your argument. Remember, the theory should be the focus, and contemporary a bonus. Feel free to also include graphs here when they help strengthen your argument. For discuss questions, this however section may take up a larger part of the paragraph if you choose to showcase two opposing arguments together.

In fact, this was often what I would do first upon beginning an Economics exam. This is critical because the Economics essay emphasises a logical progression of ideas. Therefore, in many ways, an essay plan allows you to visualise your thought process and reduce the chance of you forgetting your train of thought or worse, going on a tangent and including irrelevant details.

This helps keep your response sustained, which is a key component of the A range marking criteria. Your essay must continually drive towards developing your thesis — the actual answer to the essay question itself. In saying so, before we plan, we must understand the NESA directive verbs. This will determine the level of depth and the approach the markers are looking for. The most important thing about any essay is the answer to the question itself with your thesis.

All points, arguments and statistics are simply used to support it. As a result, begin the plan by writing a direct answer to the question. In your thesis you want to:. Expansionary monetary policy conducted by the Reserve Bank of Australia RBA involves deliberate actions to theoretically increase the supply of funds and reduce the cash rate, the cost of borrowing, in an effort to achieve economic objectives.

Also note down any sub points or arguments you think of underneath. This can include theory, links to the stimulus if this is a Section III essay, relevant statistics or graphs. If there are natural links and connections between paragraphs this can also be useful in transitioning in between different paragraphs to maintain the cohesiveness of the essay, i. Now you have already written a strong thesis and have provided context for the essay.

All that is left is to connect your paragraph points to answering the thesis. This is in lieu of simply stating which objectives you will be looking at, which is not as effective and thesis-driven. Compare the pair:. Economic growth, inflation, unemployment and external stability are economic objectives which monetary policy have failed to address.

It is much more impressive to the marker if you are able to show a direct link between your points and the thesis you are addressing, as it shows a logical approach. The other general criteria in HSC Economics essays is the related to the way you write and use language , including economic terms, concepts, relationships and theories. This of course means you must know your content well and be able to connect different parts of the syllabus together and understand their relationships.

In order to achieve this, it is best to use a clear structure which we have planned for in Step 1 as it forces you to retain a logical and cohesive structure. To provide a basic structure, follow DPEEL which will ensure you are using economic terms, concepts, relationships and theories consistently in your essay. Definition — assume the marker is a layperson has limited knowledge of the course and ensure you are defining the economic term or concept to reflect your understanding. Can be integrated into the response and does not need its own sentence.

Point — Attack the question and pinpoint what your overall answer will be, akin to a mini thesis. Explain — Provide further details that elaborate on your point. Depending on which directive verb you are asked, this is also where you can start to show relationships analyse , provide additional economic theories that demonstrate a cause and effect explain or make a judgement assess.

Link — Conclude your paragraph by linking your points back to your original thesis. No additional details or sidetracks. Transition signals include words such as furthermore, hence, as a result, this leads to, but, however. Hence this makes it extremely difficult for you to stray off topic, allowing you to create a sustained response!

Just like with English, Economics is also a subject with high demands on memory. Not only must you remember course content, you must also remember relevant statistics and graphs.