direct quotes in essays

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Direct quotes in essays write argumentative synthesis essay

Direct quotes in essays

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Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation. Weaving the phrases of others into your own prose offers a stylistically compelling way of maintaining control over your source material. Moreover, the technique of weaving can help you to produce a tighter argument. Familiarize yourself with the various verbs commonly used to introduce quotations. Here is a partial list:. Each verb has its own nuance. Make sure that the nuance matches your specific aims in introducing the quotation.

Vary the way you introduce quotations to avoid sounding monotonous. But never sacrifice precision of phrasing for the sake of variety. If your quotation is lengthy, you should almost always introduce it with a full sentence that helps capture how it fits into your argument. If your quotation is longer than four lines, do not place it in quotation marks.

Instead, set it off as a block quotation :. Hence his lack of any constructive suggestion anywhere in his work. He attacks the law, parliamentary government, the educational system and so forth, without ever clearly suggesting what he would put in their places.

For in reality his target is not so much society as human nature. The full-sentence introduction to a block quotation helps demonstrate your grasp of the source material, and it adds analytical depth to your essay. But the introduction alone is not enough. Long quotations almost invariably need to be followed by extended analysis. Never allow the quotation to do your work for you. Usually you will want to keep the quotation and your analysis together in the same paragraph. Hence it is a good idea to avoid ending a paragraph with a quotation.

But if your analysis is lengthy, you may want to break it into several paragraphs, beginning afresh after the quotation. Once in a while you can reverse the pattern of quotation followed by analysis. A felicitously worded or an authoritative quotation can, on occasion, nicely clinch an argument. There is some flexibility in the rule that block quotations are for passages of four lines or more: a shorter passage can be represented as a block quotation if it is important enough to stand on its own.

For example, when you are quoting two or more lines of poetry , you will probably want to display the verse as it appears on the page:. What dire offense from amorous causes springs, What mighty contests rise from trivial things. If you choose to integrate verse into your own sentence, then use a slash surrounded by spaces to indicate line breaks:. If you need to alter your quotations in any way, be sure to indicate just how you have done so.

If you remove text, then replace the missing text with an ellipsis —three periods surrounded by spaces:. If the omitted text occurs between sentences, then put a space after the period at the end of sentence, and follow that by an ellipsis. In all, there will be four periods. See Orwell on Dickens, above. Many people overuse ellipses at the beginning and end of quotations. Use an ellipsis in either place only when your reader might otherwise mistake an incomplete sentence for a complete one:.

If you need to alter or replace text from the original, enclose the added text within square brackets. You may, for example, need to alter text to ensure that pronouns agree with their antecedents. Do not write,. So remember, it is important that you only use direct quotations where necessary.

Using excessive direct quotations, or quotations that are too long, can lead the marker or reader to believe that you are using quotations to avoid having to explain difficult concepts in your own words. When you do use direct quotations, it is very important that you introduce them correctly. This means they must be incorporated into a sentence of your own.

A numerate person can understand how mathematics is used as a method of communication Cockcroft, This is the correct way. Using direct quotations correctly and sparingly will help you to improve your research skills and strengthen your essays. If you need any further assistance, you can read more about our professional editing service.

Capstone Editing is always here to help. To receive informative articles and tailored advice for academics and students, as well as updates about our exciting grant and scholarship opportunities, please subscribe to our blog. Share this article. When Should I Use Them?

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Your marker shouldn't feel like the quote stands out. Consider commenting on the quotation by discussing its meaning or adding more information to it if you need to. But it is not only the vocabulary of a language that determines how and what we think and perceive, but also the grammar. In European languages, time is treated as an objective entity, as if it were a ruler with equal spaces or intervals marked off. There is a clear demarcation between past, present and future corresponding to three separate sections of a ruler.

Include short quotations of less than three lines in your main text. Use quotation marks to separate the quote from your own writing. This could look like:. Separate direct quotations that are more than three lines from your text by leaving a line space above and below the quote and indenting it.

These quotes should be single line spaced unlike the rest of your text, which is probably double or 1. Indented quotes don't need quotation marks. In European languages, time is treated as an objective entity Gross, , p. The distinction drawn between the languages treatment of time is interesting and relevant to the argument because Use an ellipsis three dots to omit or remove parts of a quote and show where you've removed text.

Don't change the meaning of the quote when you do this. Gross , p. You can add a few works to a quote in square brackets to make its meaning clearer. This is known as interpolation. Gross, R. Psychology:the science of mind and behaviour 3rd ed. This site uses cookies. Click here to view our cookie policy message. Student Life Help and advice Study skills Research, reading, referencing and citation Writing about others works using direct quotations Writing about others work: using direct quotations.

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Getting the most out of seminars Introducing team work Starting to understand team strengths Allocating and developing team roles Starting to understand team process Organising your group. Digital skills. In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify the source:. The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state.

Yet the Roman conception of a just war differs sharply from more modern conceptions. When you are making decisions about how to integrate quotations into your essay, you might imagine that you are reading the essay out loud to an audience. You would not read the parenthetical note. Without some sort of introduction, your audience would not even know that the statement about Roman antiquity was a quotation, let alone where the quotation came from. You could, however, strengthen your analysis by demonstrating the significance of the passage within your own argument.

Introducing your quotation with a full sentence would help you assert greater control over the material:. In these two examples, observe the forms of punctuation used to introduce the quotations. When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence, you should always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence. When you introduce a quotation with an incomplete sentence, you usually place a comma after the introductory phrase.

However, it has become grammatically acceptable to use a colon rather than a comma:. If you are blending the quotation into your own sentence using the conjuction that , do not use any punctuation at all:. If you are not sure whether to punctuate your introduction to a quotation, mentally remove the quotation marks, and ask yourself whether any punctuation is still required. Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation.

Weaving the phrases of others into your own prose offers a stylistically compelling way of maintaining control over your source material. Moreover, the technique of weaving can help you to produce a tighter argument. Familiarize yourself with the various verbs commonly used to introduce quotations. Here is a partial list:. Each verb has its own nuance. Make sure that the nuance matches your specific aims in introducing the quotation.

Vary the way you introduce quotations to avoid sounding monotonous. But never sacrifice precision of phrasing for the sake of variety. If your quotation is lengthy, you should almost always introduce it with a full sentence that helps capture how it fits into your argument. If your quotation is longer than four lines, do not place it in quotation marks.

Instead, set it off as a block quotation :. Hence his lack of any constructive suggestion anywhere in his work. He attacks the law, parliamentary government, the educational system and so forth, without ever clearly suggesting what he would put in their places. For in reality his target is not so much society as human nature. The full-sentence introduction to a block quotation helps demonstrate your grasp of the source material, and it adds analytical depth to your essay.

But the introduction alone is not enough. Long quotations almost invariably need to be followed by extended analysis. Never allow the quotation to do your work for you. Usually you will want to keep the quotation and your analysis together in the same paragraph. Hence it is a good idea to avoid ending a paragraph with a quotation. But if your analysis is lengthy, you may want to break it into several paragraphs, beginning afresh after the quotation.

Once in a while you can reverse the pattern of quotation followed by analysis. A felicitously worded or an authoritative quotation can, on occasion, nicely clinch an argument.

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Quotations are mostly used in Humanities. Social Sciences rely more on paraphrasing, data analysis and statistics. In Natural Sciences quotes are uncommon. Otherwise, an instructor will consider it plagiarizing. This guide will help you manage quotations in your essay up to the mark. You can take a quote from different sources of information, such as books, magazines, websites or printed journals. Using quotes in an essay serves three goals:. The Modern Language Association citation manual implies two types of quotes — short and long.

Writing college essays, the recommendation is to use short quotes. Referring to the works of other authors in-text is done using a parenthetical citation. Such a method implies the author-page style of quoting. For example:. When not writing or rewriting, read. I know of no shortcuts. Starting an essay with a quote is a matter of controversy.

Experts in the pro camp suggest that a quote at the beginning of an essay helps make a powerful statement right from the start. Experts from the against camp suggest that when you begin an essay with a quote, you miss on the opportunity to present your own take on the subject matter.

In their opinion, when writing the introduction, you have to rely only on your words. Whereas quotes are most useful in the main body, serving as an additional argumentation. In conclusion, a quote can be placed, too. Looking to introduce a quote in an essay? Having a quote at the beginning or the end of your essay will limit the number of quotes left for the main body.

In an essay, the number of quotes is limited that much. Otherwise, it would be a collection of quotes rather than an original essay. We are NOT recommending to use quotes in the Introduction. Leave all your quotes for the main body and maybe one to use in the conclusion. A standard 5-paragraph essay will imply you to use quotes in the main body. Two quotes in the main body will do just fine. In the main body paragraph, a quote is placed in the middle of the passage.

First, you introduce a focal sentence of a paragraph highlighting your point of view regarding a topic. Too many can give the impression that a writer is lazy , trying to fill the page with words that are not his own. Plagiarism is a growing concern in colleges and universities across the nation. Prepare your homeschool teens by teaching them to be above board as a writer—including how to use direct quotes in essays and research papers.

Teachers and professors may have slightly different guidelines, but MLA citation format is a good place to start. Our favorite resource on writing standards is A Pocket Style Manual. Compact and easy to use, it makes a great addition to your homeschool reference library. Teach homeschool high schoolers how to use direct quotes in essays. With thoughtful research, well-chosen quotations and careful citations, their writing will be ready for the college campus … and beyond.

Need extra help getting started teaching 5-paragraph essays and persuasive writing in your homeschool? WriteShop II offers a solid introduction to opinion writing, definition essays, compare and contrast essays, and timed essays. Parents of two young daughters, Daniella and her husband fill their home with books on writing, literature, and computer science. Hi, I'm Kim! You can teach writing at home, even when it seems like an uphill battle. Poke around the blog! You'll find teaching tips, activities, and hope for struggling writers.

Your email address will not be published. Notify me via e-mail if anyone answers my comment. Submit Comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email Print. Providing Evidence through Direct Quotes Elementary children learn to write summaries.

A journalist may make strong assertions, such as: The police department will take drastic measures to prevent future incidents. Punctuating a Quote: Comma or Colon? The following four examples use correct punctuation. Can your homeschoolers guess why? A Note about Tense In English papers , students should generally write in the present tense when referring to a character or to author narration. In history papers that deal with real people and true events, have them stick to past tense.

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