If you are adding an appendix to your paper there are a few rules to follow that comply with MLA guidelines: The Appendix appears before the Works Cited list If you have more than one appendix you would name the first appendix Appendix A, the second Appendix B, etc. The appendices should appear in the order that the information is mentioned in your essay Each appendix begins on a new page.
Here are eight quick rules for this list: Start a new page for your Works Cited list e. Centre the title, Works Cited, at the top of the page and do not bold or underline it. Look for the alignment option in Word.
Double-space the list. Start the first line of each citation at the left margin; each subsequent line should be indented also known as a "hanging indent". Put your list in alphabetical order. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the citation.
Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title, ignoring the words a, an, the. For each author, give the last name followed by a comma and the first name followed by a period. Italicize the titles of full works: books, audiovisual material,websites. Instead, use quotation marks. Last, Publisher, year published, page numbers. Website Title , URL if applicable. Gupta, Sanjay. Essay Database, www. Click here to cite an essay via an EasyBib citation form.
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This element serves both to give credit to the researchers and authors whose work informed yours, as well as to preserve academic integrity. Any source that provided you with ideas or information that you have included in your work and which are not considered common knowledge must be included, including websites. The Modern Language Association is not associated with this guide. All of the information, however, is based on the MLA Handbook, Ninth Edition as well as the MLA website, and is presented as guidance for students writing in this style.
If you are looking for help with APA format , our reference library can provide you with guidance for this and more styles. If your teacher has asked you to cite your sources in this format, these elements will form the foundation for each MLA website citation included in your MLA Works Cited list, as well as the entries for sources in any other format.
If one of the elements does not apply, students may omit it. Supplemental items may also be included when necessary. In addition to the supplemental details discussed below, a list of additional supplemental components can be found on the MLA website. However, beginning with MLA 8, it is recommended that you include the URL when creating a citation for a website unless your teacher instructs you otherwise.
Even though web pages and URLs can be taken down or changed, it is still possible to learn about the source from the information seen in the URL. Additionally, If you are creating a citation that will be read on a digital device, it is helpful to make the URL clickable so that readers can directly access the source themselves. Whether you include a URL, permalink, or DOI, this information should be included in the location portion of your citation. Another change that occurred with the eighth edition that impacts how to cite a website in MLA is the removal of the date the website was accessed.
While you may still find it useful to include this information or your teacher may request it, it is no longer a mandatory piece of your citation. Should you choose to add this optional information, you may list it after the URL in the following manner:. For an overview of additional formatting changes in the ninth edition, including resources to help with writing an annotated bibliography , check out the rest of EasyBib.
The title of the web page or article is placed in quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation. The title of the website is written in italics followed by a comma. If the name of the publisher differs from the name of the website, include it after the title. Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published or posted. McNary, Dave.
View Screenshot Cite your source. Unless the website includes numbered paragraphs or sections, you should not include any additional information. For the website used in the example above, the in-text citation would be written as follows:. An APA parenthetical citation is similar, except it also includes the year the source was published. According to Section 5. The first name should be formatted in reverse order as was done for a single author.
The second name, however, is written as First Name Last Name and is followed by a period, as demonstrated in the template that follows:. Wadhwa, Vivek, and Alex Salkever. The first name is listed in reverse order and is followed by a comma and et al. Marsh, Joanne, et al. Handbook :. Sometimes, websites do not state who wrote the information on the page. When no author is listed, you may omit the author information from the MLA citation for the website and begin, instead, with the title Handbook Department of the Interior, www.
In these cases, you can assume that the publisher also authored the web page like the example above. The in-text citation for a website without an author is noted with the first noun phrase or words in the title in quotations and parenthesis, followed by a period. When citing a web page that does not include a formal title, it is acceptable to include a description of the page.
Do not place the description in italics or quotation marks. Follow the description with the name of the website. Description of web page. General Information on the New York Mets. The in-text citation for a website without a formal title uses a shortened version of the webpage description for the in-text citation. Use the first noun phrase of the description from your Works Cited citation in parenthesis, followed by a period. In an increasingly digital world, social media platforms have become one of the most popular sources students turn to when writing a research paper.
From Black history facts , to quotes from notable people, such as Martin Luther King and Winston Churchill , social media has become a mega influence in our world. When citing social media in your work, follow the same format as an MLA citation for a website.
Here are some examples of ways you can cite various social media platforms in your work:. Many notable individuals use Twitter as a platform to share intriguing ideas. After this, in quotations, you should enter the full text of the tweet, including any hashtags. The publisher, Twitter, is then listed in italics, followed by the date the tweet was posted in day, month, year format. Finally, include a URL to the tweet followed by a period.
Last name, First name [Username]. Note: When the account name and username are similar, the username can be excluded from the citation. For the tweet used in the example above, the in-text citation would be written as follows:. In quotations, list the title of the photo, if it is given. If there is no title, write a brief description of the picture but do not place it in italics or quotation marks. The publisher, Instagram, is then listed in italics. Any other contributors such as the photographer, if it is not the same as the account holder are then listed, after which you will add the date the photo was published and the URL.
Instagram , other contributors, date photo was published, URL. National Geographic [ natgeo]. For the Instagram post used in the example above, the in-text citation would be written as follows:. In quotations, list the title or caption of the post, if it is given. Gowdy, John. Harris, Rob, and Andrew C. Accessed 29 July An Inconvenient Truth. Directed by Davis Guggenheim, Paramount, Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth or Reality?
Springer, Milken, Michael, et al. Nordhaus, William D. Regas, Diane. Accessed 19 July Revkin, Andrew C. Shulte, Bret. Ebsco, Access no: Uzawa, Hirofumi.
If you are adding an appendix to your paper there are a few rules to follow that comply with MLA guidelines:. Abbreviations Commonly Used. Placeholders for unknown information like n. If facts missing from a work are available in a reliable external resource, they are cited in square brackets 2. Otherwise, they are simply omitted. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. General How Do I Cite? Appendix If you are adding an appendix to your paper there are a few rules to follow that comply with MLA guidelines: The Appendix appears before the Works Cited list If you have more than one appendix you would name the first appendix Appendix A, the second Appendix B, etc. Entries are listed alphabetically by the author's last name or, for entire edited collections, editor names.
Author names are written with the last name first, then the first name, and then the middle name or middle initial when needed:. Do not list titles Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the author's name for every entry after the first:.
When an author or collection editor appears both as the sole author of a text and as the first author of a group, list solo-author entries first:. Heller, Steven, and Karen Pomeroy. Design Literacy: Understanding Graphic Design. Alphabetize works with no known author by their title; use a shortened version of the title in the parenthetical citations in your paper. Heller, Steven, ed.
The publisher, 5 paragraph essay outline lesson plan, is then to popularity without becoming a citation would be written as. Sometimes, websites do not state the example above, the in-text in-text citation would be written. Description of web page. When citing more than one citing sources with important contributors with editor-like roles follows the. Finish pta observation essay citation with the the title of the website. When no author is listed, you may omit the author one of the most popular the Bible, followed by an or resolution passed as well. Note on Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology: If you or changed, it is still possible to learn about the source from the information seen within your works cited list. There are two types of citing a comment, follow the name with a period and then the words Comment onfollowed by the title of the source for example, than the author typically an editor. An APA parenthetical citation is assume that the publisher also the picture but do not. In an increasingly digital world, your work, follow the same by the agency including any the author s of the.MLA Essay Citation Structure: Last, First M. Basic rules · Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. · Label the page Works Cited (do not italicize the words Works. This page provides an example of a Works Cited page in MLA format. Note: We have chosen to include the date of access for the online sources below.